Run this in your commandline:

npm install buttercms --save

Butter can also be loaded using a CDN:

<script src="https://cdnjs.buttercms.com/buttercms-1.2.7.min.js"></script>

Or if you're using Yarn:

yarn install buttercms

The source code is available on Github.

ButterCMS is designed to be easy to integrate into your existing Node.js project. If you are starting from scratch, check out this Node.js + ButterCMS Starter that you can use to instantly launch a Node.js site that's fully integrated with ButterCMS.

https://github.com/ButterCMS/nodejs-express-example

Deploy to ZEIT Now Deploy to Netlify

Set your API token:

var butter = require('buttercms')('your_api_token');

Or if using ES6 syntax:

import Butter from 'buttercms';
const butter = Butter('your_api_token');

Then run:

butter.post.list({page: 1, page_size: 10}).then(function(response) {
  console.log(response)
})

This API request fetches our blog posts. Your account comes with one example post which you'll see in the response. If you get a response it means you're now able to connect to our API.

Contents

Headless CMS

ButterCMS is a headless CMS that lets you manage content using our dashboard and integrate it into your tech stack of choice with our content APIs. You can use ButterCMS for new projects as well as add it to existing codebases.

If you're familiar with Wordpress, see how ButterCMS compares to WordPress.

ButterCMS provides a user-friendly UI for managing marketing sites, blogging, and custom content scenarios. We can be used for SEO landing pages, customer case studies, company news & updates, events + webinar pages, education center, location pages, knowledgebases, and more.

We are different from a traditional CMS like Drupal or Wordpress in that we're not a large piece of software you need to download, host, customize, and maintain. Instead we provide easy to consume, performant content API's that you add to your application.

For example, if you wanted to enable a non-technical person to be able to add customer case study pages to your marketing site, you might create a Case Study Page Type to represent these pages. The non-technical person would be able to manage these pages from our dashboard and the JSON API output would look something like this:

{  
  "data": {
    "slug": "acme-co",
    "name": "Acme Co",
    "published": "2021-08-23T14:28:21.077112Z",
    "updated": "2021-08-23T14:28:21.077112Z",
    "page_type": "case_study",
    "fields": {
      "seo_title": "Acme Co Loves Butter CMS",
      "seo_description": "Acme Co saved 200% on Anvil costs with ButterCMS",
      "headline": "Acme Co saved 200% on Anvil costs with ButterCMS",
      "facebook_open_graph_title": "Acme Co Customer Case Study",
      "customer_logo": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/66oMGYOuSP2V0bsK6gKd",
      "testimonial": "<p>We've been able to make anvils faster than ever before!<em>--Chief Anvil Maker Anvil</em></p>
      <p><img src="https://cdn.buttercms.com/queOG6fITpiJAUc7GV30\" alt="" /></p>"""
    }
  }
}

Use Postman to experiment

Postman is a great tool for experimenting with our API. We wrote a post about it here. Once you've installed Postman, click this button to quickly add our end point Collection to your Postman.

Run in Postman

Write API

We have a Write / POST API that allows you to programmatically create content. This can enable many powerful use cases and allow you to scale your content faster than ever.

Refer to our Write API Documentation to learn more.

Our Write API is available in our Enterprise plan and you will need to use a write-enabled token which is provided on request. Just contact us via email or livechat to get yours.

Webhooks

Webhooks are a powerful feature that allow you to notify your internal systems whenever content in ButterCMS has changed. You can learn more about Webhooks in this blog post.

Image Transformation

ButterCMS has integrated with a rich image transformation API called Filestack. This allows you to modify your uploaded images in dozens of ways. Everything from resizing, cropping, effects, filters, applying watermarks and more. Check out Filestack full documentation for more detail.

After you upload an image to ButterCMS, it's stored on our CDN. To create a thumbnail, here's an example:

Original URL = https://cdn.buttercms.com/zjypya5tRny63LqhHQrv

Thumbnail URL = https://fs.buttercms.com/resize=width:200,height:200/zjypya5tRny63LqhHQrv

Resizing is just one of the many different transformations you can do to your images. Refer to the Filestack docs for full details.

Localization

ButterCMS has full support for localization of your content. Locale names and keys are completely customizable and there's no limit to the number of locales you can have. View our API Reference to learn how to query by locale.

image showing radio options to select locale

Admins can ensure your global team of marketers and translators safely work side-by-side by setting permissions for just their local markets.

image showing checkboxes to select localization permissions

Roles and Permissions

In addition to permissions by locale, your ButterCMS account comes with three roles by default, to give your team maximum control over what your users can do:

  • Admin - can do everything on an account. You'll want to use this for your developers as they deal with the content configuration that is used within your project's code.
  • Publisher - can edit, publish and delete content, but cannot manage users or configure content schemas.
  • Author - can create and edit draft content (Blog Posts, Pages, Collections) but cannot publish content live to your site.

Custom built roles are available in our Enterprise plan. Chat with us to discuss Enterprise options.

Manage Multiple Environments

ButterCMS Multisite allows you to manage multiple websites and multiple environments from one place. You can get an admin level view and quickly switch between your ButterCMS instances.

From the Environment dashboard you can quickly switch between your different ButterCMS environments. In the example below, Elon is currently logged into Production and can switch into Staging, Dev, or QA in one-click

Multiple Environments

Multiple Environments are available in our Enterprise plan. Just contact us via email or livechat to get yours.

Multi-Environment Workflow

Preview content before it goes live

To preview draft content before it goes live on your production site, you'll want to set up your own preview site (i.e. preview.yoursite.com or staging.yoursite.com).

Both your preview and production site will connect to your ButterCMS Production environment, but your preview site will always pass preview=1 as a parameter when fetching content from our API:

ButterCMS Migration Workflow

Using preview=1 will cause the draft version of content to be returned when viewing your preview site. Your marketers can then preview their draft content safely before it appears on your production site.

Make your content editors happy with this seamless workflow

Setting things up in this way is an optimal workflow for your marketers and prevents them from having to worry about physicaly copy/migrating content across your ButterCMS environments. They do all of their work from the same ButterCMS environment.

To publish new content, their workflow is simple and efficient. They can Save Draft (1), Preview (2), and Publish (3) all from the same screen:

  1. Save Draft - create a draft version of content that only appears in your preview site, not production
  2. Preview - content editors see this draft rendered on your preview site
  3. Publish (instantly or scheduled): publish the draft content so it now appears on your production site
Don't use environments for your daily content publishing workflow

If you've used other CMS', you may be used to a workflow where to preview content in a staging site, you put content in a staging CMS environment/database. Then to publish it, you physically copy it over into a production CMS environment/database (either by copying pasting, writing a migration script, building a content sync tool, etc). In a traditional CMS, this makes sense because that's the only way to preview draft content without it first appearing on a production site.

With Butter, that's not the case and you can enable this streamlined workflow your content managers will love.

Use environments for safely iterating on schema changes

A quick note on schema versus content in ButterCMS environments. Schema (Page Types and Collections) in Butter is akin to a schema for a database. They are distinct from the content (data in a database). We recommend using ButterCMS environments for iterating on schema changes safely without worrying about impacting your production environment. For example, testing out launching a new PageType or Collection or making changes to an existing one. Since this impacts the structure of the JSON from our API, you will want to test this in coordination with code changes in your application to display this new content. You can do this safely via a ButterCMS Staging/Dev/etc environments and migrate across environments using our Schema Migration feature.

Schema Migrations

Using multiple environments is a development best practice for creating new content experiences. Working in a non-production environment helps separate experimental changes so you can safely work without accidentally impacting your production application.

ButterCMS Migrations make migrating configuration data across your environments dead simple. Simply create a Migration from a test environment that specifies what you want to migrate and to which environment. For example, let's say we are working on creating a new FAQ section to our site, so we've developed a FAQ Page Type in our Dev environment. Now we are ready to move it to our Staging environment, simply create a Migration:

Migrations

Configuration versus content

A quick note on migrating configuration data versus content across ButterCMS environments. Configuration data (Page Types and Collections) in Butter is akin to a schema for a database. They are distinct from the content (data in a database). We recommend using ButterCMS environments for Migrating schema only. For example, testing out launching a new PageType or Collection or making changes to an existing one. Since this impacts the structure of the JSON from our API, you will want to test this in coordination with code changes in your application to display this new content. You can do this safely via ButterCMS environments and migrate across environments using our schema Migration feature.

How to handle References

ButterCMS has a powerful feature called References which allows you to create relationships between your content types. In database terminology, this is like a foreign key from one table to another. Here's how to handle this when migrating:

  • PageTypeA has Reference to PageTypeB
  • Migrate PageTypeB first
  • Then migrate PageTypeA

If you have any questions chat with us and we're happy to help.

Manage Multiple Websites

Being able to manage multiple environments is great for a large project but what about massive projects where you need to manage multiple sites AND multiple environments? For instance if you're an Enterprise with several sub-branded websites that you want to be able to manage, this allows you to do that. Continuing from the example above, let's say Elon wanted to expand using Butter beyond just Tesla to include SpaceX and The Boring Company as well.

Our dashboard easily scales to meet this need. Now when Elon visits the multisite dashboard, he will see this:

Multiple Environments

Multiple Websites and Environments are available in our Enterprise plan. Just contact us via email or livechat to get yours.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Quickly launch a new marketing site or add CMS-powered pages to your existing site using our Pages. To create dynamic landing pages be sure to check out Components.

Create a Single Page

GET https://api.buttercms.com/v2/pages/*/?auth_token=your_token

Adding a CMS-powered page to your app involves three easy steps:

  1. Create the Page structure
  2. Populate the content
  3. Integrate into your application

If you need help after reading this, contact us via email or livechat.

Create the Page Structure

The first step is to create a new Page and define its structure using our Page Builder.

Let's create an example homepage. For the "Customer Logos" field, we'll use a repeater, which will later make it easy to loop through this field in our template.

A dashboard for a new Page with some field types defined to give the page structure.

Populate the Content

Choose a title and API slug.

An image of the metadata modal, showing the new title and the autocreation of a page slug.

Now, let's populate our new page with content. In the next step, we'll call the ButterCMS API to retrieve this content from our app.

An image of a new page with some content created in each of the previously defined fields.

Integrate into your application

With your homepage defined, the ButterCMS Pages API will return it in JSON format like this:

{
  "data": {
    "slug": "homepage",
    "name": "Homepage",
    "published":"2021-08-20T15:06:58.237911Z",
    "updated":"2021-08-20T15:06:58.237911Z",
    "page_type": null,
    "fields": {
      "seo_title": "Anvils and Dynamite | Acme Co",
      "headline": "Acme Co provides supplies to your favorite cartoon heroes.",
      "hero_image": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/c8oSTGcwQDC5I58km5WV",
      "call_to_action": "Buy Now",
      "customer_logos": [
        {
          "logo_image": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/c8oSTGcwQDC5I58km5WV"
        },
        {
          "logo_image": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/c8oSTGcwQDC5I58km5WV"
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

This guide uses the Express framework and EJS templates but Butter integrates with any Node.js server and templating engines like Jade, Mustache, and React. To create these page in our app, we create a route that fetches content for the homepage. Here's what the code looks like:

app.js:

var express = require('express');
var butter = require('buttercms')('your_api_token');

var app = express()

app.set('view engine', 'ejs');

// Routes
app.get('/', function() {
  butter.page.retrieve("*", "homepage").then(function(resp) {
    var page = resp.data.data;

    res.render('homepage', {
      homepage: page.fields
    })
  });
});

views/homepage.ejs:

<html>
  <head>
    <title><%= homepage.seo_title %></title>
    <meta property="og:title" content="<%= homepage.facebook_open_graph_title %>" /> 
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1><%= homepage.headline %></h1>
    <img width="100%" src="<%= @homepage.hero_image %>">
    <button><%= @homepage.call_to_action %></button>
    <h3>Customers Love Us!</h3>
    <!-- Loop over customer logos -->
    <%= @homepage.customer_logos %>
  </body>
</html>

That's it! If you browse to your homepage you'll see your homepage populated with the content you created in Butter.

Create multiple pages using Page Types

Overview Video

Step By Step Tutorial

Let's say you want to add a set of Customer Case Studies to your marketing site. Each should have the same structure, but different content. Page Types are a perfect tool for this scenario.

You can create a Page Type from scratch in four easy steps:

  1. Create A Single Page
  2. Populate Your Page Content
  3. Create a Page Type From Your Page
  4. Integrate into your application

Any Single Page that you've created be used to create a Page Type by starting with Step #3: Create a Page Type From Your Page.

If you need help after reading this, contact us via email or livechat.

Create A Single Page

You'll start with creating a new Single Page, which will eventually be your first Customer Case Study. You'll later use the structure, or schema, of this first page to form the basis of the Customer Case Study Page Type. Once you've finished setting up your schema, click "Save to edit the page content."

If you wish, you can also skip the following steps and create a Page Type directly from this screen, but that will save your current page in progress as a blank, untitled page, so it's recommended to set up your first Single Page first.

A view of the Page Configuration screen

Populate the Content

After saving, you'll be asked to assign a title for the page. For this first Customer Case Study, we'll use "Acme Co." Assigning a title automatically generates a slug for this page that we'll later use to retrieve it from our app via the ButterCMS API:

A view of the Metadata Area

Now, click on "Save Page Metadata" and populate content for "Acme Co", your first Customer Case Study.

PagesNewPageType2

Create a Page Type From Your Page

Now, we're going to create a Customer Case Study Page Type from our Acme Co case study, which will allow us to reuse this page structure across multiple Customer Case Study pages.

First, publish or save the Acme Co page. Then, click the three dots in the upper right-hand corner of the page and click on "edit schema."

The edit schema button

This brings you back to the initial Page Configuration view. Click on the button in the top right that says Create Page Type.

The Create Page Type Button

Give your new page type a name. This auto-generates the API slug needed to call this Page Type from the ButterCMS API.

The Save As Page Type button

Integrate into your application

With a case study defined, the ButterCMS Pages API will return it in JSON format like this:

{  
  "data": {
    "slug": "acme-co",
    "name": "Acme Co",
    "published": "2021-08-23T14:28:21.077112Z",
    "updated": "2021-08-23T14:28:21.077112Z",
    "page_type": "case_study",
    "fields": {
      "seo_title": "Acme Co Loves Butter CMS",
      "seo_description": "Acme Co saved 200% on Anvil costs with ButterCMS",
      "headline": "Acme Co saved 200% on Anvil costs with ButterCMS",
      "facebook_open_graph_title": "Acme Co Customer Case Study",
      "customer_logo": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/66oMGYOuSP2V0bsK6gKd",
      "testimonial": "<p>We've been able to make anvils faster than ever before!<em>--Chief Anvil Maker Anvil</em></p>
      <p><img src="https://cdn.buttercms.com/queOG6fITpiJAUc7GV30\" alt="" /></p>"""
    }
  }
}

This guide uses the Express framework and EJS templates but Butter integrates with any Node.js server and templating engines like Jade, Mustache, and React. To create these pages in our app, we create a dynamic route that fetches content for the page by using a URL parameter. Here's what the code looks like:

app.js:

var express = require('express');
var butter = require('buttercms')('your_api_token');

var app = express()

app.set('view engine', 'ejs');

// Routes
app.get('/customers/:slug', function() {
  butter.page.retrieve("customer_case_study", params.slug).then(function(resp) {
    var page = resp.data.data;

    res.render('case_study', {
      case_study: page.fields
    })
  });
});

views/case_study.ejs:

<html>
  <head>
    <title><%= case_study.seo_title %></title>
    <meta property="og:title" content="<%= case_study.facebook_open_graph_title %>" /> 
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1><%= case_study.headline %></h1>
    <img width="100%" src="<%= case_study.customer_logo %>">
    <p><%= case_study.testimonial %></p>
  </body>
</html>

That's it! If you browse to /customers/acme-co, you'll see the Page you created in Butter.

If you need help after reading this, contact us via email or livechat.

Dynamic landing pages using Components

Components enable your marketers to compose flexible page layouts and easily reorder those layouts.

The above examples use Pages with fairly simple content models. Simple is great, especially when you're looking to create a lot of pages with the exact same structure and layout. However, if your marketing team needs to create a wide array landing pages with of differing layouts, you'll love Components.

There are two types of these fields when modeling your Page: Component and Component Picker.

Component

Seo Component

A Component field represents a single Component. A Component is a nice way to group related fields of a Page together. For example, configuring a SEO Component on your Page is a great idea to give your marketers the control they need over SEO and social sharing meta tags.

Here's how the Component looks to marketers when they are editing the content of the page:

Seo Component Marketer View

And the content for a Component is serialized as you would expect, an object within the larger Page fields object.

{
  "data": {
    "slug": "homepage",
    "fields": {
      "seo": {
        "seo_title": "...",
        "meta_description": "...",
        "opengraph_title": "...",
        "opengraph_image": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/..."
      }
    }
  }
}

Component Picker

Component Picker

A Component Picker defines a palette of Components your marketer can use when composing a page. For example, above is a Component Picker named "Sections" (to represent horizontal sections of a page) with two Components.

Component Picker Modal

This allows your marketer to compose a new page using any combination and ordering of Components. For example...

Your Homepage could be composed of these Components...

  • Hero
  • Call to Action
  • Key Benefit

While your Solutions page uses these Components:

  • Hero
  • Call to Action
  • Solution Details
  • Call to Action

Marketers can create limitless combinations of landing pages, all without needing to involve engineering.

Component Picker is serialized as an array of Components within the larger Page fields object. Each item in the array has fields and type properties. So a Component Picker named sections would look like this:

{
  "data": {
    "slug": "homepage",
    "fields": {
      "sections": [
        {
          "fields": {
            "headline": "...",
            "subheadline": "...",
            "call_to_action": "..."
          },
          "type": "hero"
        },
        {
          "fields": {
            "video_headline": "...",
            "video_link": "..."
          },
          "type": "product_video"
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

Here's the logic to render a page template in your application using a Component Picker.


  //Pseudocode
  For each component in sections:
  if type is 'hero':
    render hero.html template with template data/context set to component.fields
  if type is 'product_video':
    render product_video.html template with template data/context set to component.fields

  // Code
  for component in page.fields.sections:
    if component.type == 'hero':
      render('components/hero.html', { data: component.fields })
    if component.type == 'product_video':
      render('components/product_video.html', { data: component.fields })

Collaborate with marketing when defining your Component Library

When using Components, collaborate with your marketing team to define a library of Components (i.e. SEO, Call to Action, Hero, Key Benefits, etc) that your team will use to compose pages. Once you've defined this Component library, your marketing team will have a good understanding of what Components are available to them as they launch new campaigns.

Previewing Pages

To give your marketers the ability to preview pages you will want to first configure the preview URL of your Page Type.

When your marketer clicks "Preview", they will get taken to that preview URL such as https://yoursite.com/the-page/?preview=1 with a preview=1 parameter appended.

Your application will then look for that preview=1 parameter and when detected, call the ButterCMS API with the same preview parameter. You can see this defined in our API docs when querying Pages.

Passing preview=1 to ButterCMS will cause the draft version of the Page content to be returned and thus displayed within your application, allowing your marketing team to see a full in-context preview of their draft changes.

Introduction

GET https://api.buttercms.com/v2/content/your_collection_key/?auth_token=your_token

Collections are tables of data to be referenced by Pages, extending the use cases that you can achieve with ButterCMS. Collections can also be queried from the API directly. We'll cover example use cases of both.

Several of these use cases involve References. References are a powerful field type you can add to Pages and Collections that allow you to create links between your content.

Use Cases

Tables of Related Content

There are many use cases for Collections. One is using Collections as tables of related data which you can query directly. For example, let's say you want to create a music site for musicians, and you want to store data like Albums and Artists.

Here's how you'd model that out using Collections in Butter and then query your content.

(For code examples of making API calls to query a Collection directly, check out our Collections API Reference.)

First, go to your collections dashboard. Click New Collection.

Create New Button

Configure this collection's properties to be "Name," "Headshot," and "Genre."

Artists Collection

Give the collection the name "Artists" and save.

Artists Collection

Let's add some Arists to the Collection.

Adding Drake to Artists collection

Adding Carrie Underwood to collection

Adding Young The Giant to the Artists Collection

Your collections dashboard should now look like this:

Add Artists To Collection

You can query Collections directly via our API. Here's what the API JSON response looks like for your Artists Collection.

GET https://api.buttercms.com/v2/content/artists/

{
    "data": {
        "artists": [
            {
                "genre": "Rap",
                "name": "Drake",
                "headshot": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/V0mLWb47TaI9qmrRkzAC"
            },
            {
                "genre": "Country",
                "name": "Carrie Underwood",
                "headshot": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/FRToQffDSK2IE1O3fUuq"
            },
            {
                "genre": "Rock",
                "name": "Young the Giant",
                "headshot": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/jqVWtHf6T6acW8APrh3g"
            }
        ]
    }
}

With your Artists Collection created, you can now create a Collection for Albums, which will include a Reference to our Artists Collection (as every Album belongs to an Artist). Start by creating a new collection.

Albums Collection

Set up your configuration, with fields for "Album Name," "Artist," "Release Date," and "Cover Art." For "Artist," make sure to use a "Reference" field, link it to "Artists," and set the radio button to "One-to-Many."

Albums Collection

Name your collection "Albums" and publish it.

Albums Collection

Now, let's add some albums.

Adding Scorpion to Albums Collection

Adding Cry Pretty To Albums Collection

Adding MirrorMaster to Albums Collection

Here's what your Albums Collection should look like now:

Albums Collection with albums

Here's what the API JSON response looks like for your Albums Collection. Note artist is a Reference the Artists Collection above.

GET https://api.buttercms.com/v2/content/albums/

{
    "data": {
        "albums": [
            {
                "release_date": "2018-06-29T00:00:00",
                "artist": {
                    "genre": "Rap",
                    "name": "Drake",
                    "headshot": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/V0mLWb47TaI9qmrRkzAC"
                },
                "cover_art": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/uorkxsTQfit8N8uW6Im4",
                "album_name": "Scorpion"
            },
            {
                "release_date": "2018-09-14T00:00:00",
                "artist": {
                    "genre": "Country",
                    "name": "Carrie Underwood",
                    "headshot": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/FRToQffDSK2IE1O3fUuq"
                },
                "cover_art": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/3m0oGGyXQNCUnQke4Ps5",
                "album_name": "Cry Pretty"
            },
            {
                "release_date": "2018-10-12T00:00:00",
                "artist": {
                    "genre": "Rock",
                    "name": "Young the Giant",
                    "headshot": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/jqVWtHf6T6acW8APrh3g"
                },
                "cover_art": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/ThLT87lBSzyCkhivr64l",
                "album_name": "Mirror Master"
            }
        ]
    }
}

This use case demonstrates is how you can use Collections to create tables of data that Reference each other for complex content structures.

Page Facets to Group/Filter By

You can use Collections as Facets (filterable properties) for your Pages. The simpliest example would be to add Categories to your Pages. Let's say you have a recipe website for different cocktails and you want to add categories to better organize these cocktail pages for your customers.

Each cocktail Page has a name, image, and ingredients, like the below example:

Sample Cocktail Page

Here's what the API JSON response looks like for your cocktail pages. You're going to enhance this by adding a Reference to a Category Collection.

GET https://api.buttercms.com/v2/pages/cocktails/

{
    "data": [
        {
            "slug": "old-fashioned",
            "fields": {
                "name": "Old Fashioned",
                "image": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/k4UHbZOuRhOMKw3Gys8s",
                "ingredients": "<p>1/2 tsp Sugar<br />3 dashes Angostura bitters<br />1 tsp Water<br />2 oz Bourbon</p>"
            }
        },
        {
            "slug": "martini",
            "fields": {
                "name": "Martini",
                "image": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/UKVn6r1RQSVyKoZIVeHU",
                "ingredients": "<p>2 oz. vodka</p>\n<p>1/2 oz. dry vermouth</p>\n<p>Shake ingredients with ice. Strain into a martini glass. Popular garnishes include a lemon twist and olives.</p>"
             }
        }
    ],
    meta": {
        "count": 2,
        "previous_page": null,
        "next_page": null
    }
}

To add a Category to your cocktail pages, create a new collection. Configure your Collection data structure by adding "Name" and "Slug" properties to it.

Create Category Collection

Save it with the name "Category".

Create Category Collection

Now you can add some cocktail categories to it like Martini, Old Fashioned, etc...

Adding Items To Collection

You can choose "Category" in the drop-down on the collections dashboard to see all of your categories.

Adding Items To Collection

With your Collection in place, go back to your Cocktail Page Type by clicking on the three dots in the corner of any Cocktail page and clicking on "edit schema." Add a new Reference field called "Category" to the Category Collection

Adding Reference Field To Collection

Now when editing your cocktail pages, you can now categorize your cocktails.

Select a Category

These categories of course also show up in your API response your cocktails:

GET https://api.buttercms.com/v2/pages/cocktails/

{
    "data": [
        {
            "slug": "old-fashioned",
            "fields": {
                "name": "Old Fashioned",
                "image": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/k4UHbZOuRhOMKw3Gys8s",
                "ingredients": "<p>1/2 tsp Sugar<br />3 dashes Angostura bitters<br />1 tsp Water<br />2 oz Bourbon</p>",
                "category": {
                    "name": "Old Fashioned",
                    "slug": "old-fashioned"
                }
            }
        },
        {
            "slug": "martini",
            "fields": {
                "name": "Martini",
                "image": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/UKVn6r1RQSVyKoZIVeHU",
                "ingredients": "<p>2 oz. vodka</p>\n<p>1/2 oz. dry vermouth</p>\n<p>Shake ingredients with ice. Strain into a martini glass. Popular garnishes include a lemon twist and olives.</p>",
                "category": {
                    "name": "Martini",
                    "slug": "martini"
                }
             }
        }
    ],
    meta": {
        "count": 2,
        "previous_page": null,
        "next_page": null
    }
}

Naturally, now that your pages have categories, you'll want to filter your pages by category. To do this just add fields.category.slug=martini to your API query.

GET https://api.buttercms.com/v2/pages/cocktails/?&fields.category.slug=martini

{
    "data": [
        {
            "slug": "martini",
            "fields": {
                "name": "Martini",
                "image": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/UKVn6r1RQSVyKoZIVeHU",
                "ingredients": "<p>2 oz. vodka</p>\n<p>1/2 oz. dry vermouth</p>\n<p>Shake ingredients with ice. Strain into a martini glass. Popular garnishes include a lemon twist and olives.</p>",
                "category": {
                    "name": "Martini",
                    "slug": "martini"
                }
             }
        }
    ],
    meta": {
        "count": 1,
        "previous_page": null,
        "next_page": null
    }
}

To take this example further, let's say you wanted multiple Facets to organize your cocktails by. You could set up multiple Collections such as:

  • Drink Types: Cider, Colada, Cosmo, ...
  • Spirits: Bourbon, Whiskey, Gin
  • Color: Brown, Yellow, Orange

Then you would add a corresponding Reference field to link each Collection to your cocktail Pages.

This use case demonstrates is how you can use Collections to add filterable Facets to your Pages.

Reusable Promotional Page Content

There are many use cases for Collections. Another is using Collections to store reusable promotional content that can be Referenced by multiple pages. A common example is customer testimonials. You can store all of your testimonials in a Collection, then Reference those testimonials from your Pages. Here's how you'd do that:

First let's assume your marketing site has some features Pages, each focusing on a particular feature of your product or service.

ButterCMS Feature Page

Here's what the API JSON response looks like for your feature page. You're going to enhance this by adding a Reference to a Testimonials Collection.

GET https://api.buttercms.com/v2/pages/*/full-cms-feature-page

{
    "data": {
        "slug": "full-cms-feature-page",
        "name": "Full CMS Feature Page",
        "published": "2021-08-31T14:36:13.120532Z",
        "updated": "2021-08-31T14:36:13.120532Z",
        page_type": null,
        "fields": {
            "headline": "Powerful CMS. Zero headache.",
            "hero_image": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/RB2R32WbSxqcanOXiHYA",
            "benefits": [
                {
                    "benefit": "SEO Landing Pages"
                },
                {
                    "benefit": "Customer Case Studies"
                },
                {
                    "benefit": "Company News & Updates"
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

Create a Collection for testimonials, each having the name of the person, their quote, a headshot, and their title + company.

Testimonials Collection

Testimonials Collection

Create some testimonials.

Add Testimonials To Collection

Add Testimonials To Collection

Add Testimonials To Collection

Here's your collections panel, filtered by "Testimonials."

Add Testimonials To Collection

Then add a Reference field from your feature Pages to your Testimonials Collection by clicking on the three dots in the upper right hand corner of any feature page and editing the page schema.

Reference to Testimonials Collection

Now you can easily add multiple testimonials to display on your marketing Pages

Selecting Testimonials From Reference

The API JSON response for your feature page now includes the testimonials you just linked.

GET https://api.buttercms.com/v2/pages/*/full-cms-feature-page

{
    "data": {
        "slug": "full-cms-feature-page",
        "fields": {
            "headline": "Powerful CMS. Zero headache.",
            "hero_image": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/RB2R32WbSxqcanOXiHYA",
            "benefits": [
                {
                    "benefit": "SEO Landing Pages"
                },
                {
                    "benefit": "Customer Case Studies"
                },
                {
                    "benefit": "Company News & Updates"
                }
            ],
            "testimonials": [
                {
                    "name": "Maggie Summers",
                    "headshot": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/iAvdwmxmSjKVfpuqPjWJ",
                    "title_company": "Sasquatch",
                    "quote": "After several attempts at implementing an open source CMS into my app, I found Butter. It’s the best!"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Drew Johnson",
                    "headshot": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/q3z0MfVTJWso2JM5IXvg",
                    "title_company": "App Partner",
                    "quote": "Wordpress was too slow and impacting our business. Butter is more performant and a faster alternative. A no brainer."
                },
                {
                    "name": "BEAU O'HARA",
                    "headshot": "https://cdn.buttercms.com/vOWy5G1LRzm60NyRd3P0",
                    "title_company": "Anstar Products",
                    "quote": "I've tried other API-first CMS'. I liked their programs, but I got yours up and running the fastest"
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

This use case demonstrates is how you can use Collections to store reusable promotional content that can be Referenced by multiple pages.

If you need help after reading this, contact us via email or livechat.

Table of Contents

Introduction

GET https://api.buttercms.com/v2/posts/?auth_token=your_token

Learn how to quickly build a CMS-powered blog with Node.js with great SEO. Butter integrates with any Node.js server and templating engines like Mustache, Jade, and React. This guide uses the Express framework and EJS templates. For a sample project, check out out this Node.js + ButterCMS Github Repo. To get started even quicker, here's a set of sample blog templates you can use.

If you need help after reading this, contact us via email or livechat.

Create a New Sample Project using our CLI for Express.js

If you'd like to create a sample blog project, you can use our CLI to quickly create a new Express blog project that's already integrated with ButterCMS. After you've installed it, run:

$ buttercms generate:blog --for=express

Install SDK

If you haven't already, you'll want to install our SDK to make querying your content from our API into your app even easier. Once you've done that, you're ready to begin setting up your blog.

Display Posts

To display posts we create a simple /blog route in our app and fetch blog posts from the Butter API. See our API reference for additional options such as filtering by category or author. The response also includes some metadata we'll use for pagination.

var express = require('express');
var butter = require('buttercms')('your_api_token');
var app = express()

app.set('view engine', 'ejs');

app.get('/blog', renderHome)
app.get('/blog/p/:page', renderHome)

app.listen(3000)

function renderHome(req, res) {
  var page = req.params.page || 1;

  butter.post.list({page_size: 10, page: page}).then(function(resp) {
    res.render('index', {
      posts: resp.data.data,
      next_page: resp.data.meta.next_page,
      previous_page: resp.data.meta.previous_page
    })
  })
}

Next we'll create an EJS template for displaying our posts and pagination links. This guide uses EJS templates but Butter works with any templating engine like Jade, Mustache, and React. If you need help after reading this, contact us via email or livechat.

<h2>Blog</h2>

<% posts.forEach(function(post) { %>
  <a href="/blog/<%= post.slug %>"><%= post.title %></a> by <%= post.author.first_name %> <%= post.author.last_name %>
  <br>
<% }); %>

<% if (previous_page) { %>
  <a href="/blog/p/<%= previous_page %>">Prev</a>
<% } %>

<% if (next_page) { %>
  <a href="/blog/p/<%= next_page %>">Next</a>
<% } %>

We'll also create an additional route for displaying individual posts:

app.get('/blog/:slug', renderPost)

function renderPost(req, res) {
  var slug = req.params.slug;

  butter.post.retrieve(slug).then(function(resp) {
    res.render('post', {
      title: resp.data.data.title,
      post: resp.data.data,
      published: new Date(resp.data.data.published)
    })
  })
}

The template for displaying a full post includes information such as author and publish date. See a full list of available post properties in our API reference.

<h2><%= post.title %></h2>

Published <%= published.getDate() %>/<%= published.getMonth()+1 %>/<%= published.getFullYear() %>

<% if (post.categories.length > 0) { %>
  in 
  <% post.categories.forEach(function(cat) { %>
    <a href="/category/<%= cat.slug %>"><%= cat.name %></a> 
  <% }); %>
<% } %>

<br>

<%= post.author.first_name %> <%= post.author.last_name %>

<div>
  <%- post.body %>
</div>

Now our app has a working blog that can be updated easily in the ButterCMS dashboard.

Previewing Posts

Butter is a headless CMS, which means the design, layout, and general look & feel of your blog is controlled by your own application. As you've seen above, we return your blog content as JSON data, which you then inject into your own templates. In other words, your blog templates are just another set of templates in your app and customizing how your blog looks is the same workflow as any other page in your app. A huge benefit to this is that your blog instantly utilizes all of your existing brand CSS styling so it looks great and visually matches the rest of your app.

Because your app controls the design of your blog, Butter utilizes it to generate live previews for your content editors when they want to preview a blog post before they publish it.

Click here to configure your Blog Preview URL

To setup previewing you will need to tell Butter what your Blog's base preview URL is. i.e.:

https://yoursite.com/blog/

Once that's defined, when you preview a blog post, Butter will append the blog post slug to that preview URL and take you to:

https://yoursite.com/blog/blog-post-slug

To provide a great content editing experience, we highly recommend setting your preview URL.

Categories, Tags, and Authors

Use Butter's APIs for categories, tags, and authors to feature and filter content on your blog:

List all categories and get posts by category

app.get('/category/:slug', renderCategory)

function renderCategory(req, res) {
    var slug = req.params.slug;

    butter.category.retrieve(slug, {include: 'recent_posts'})
    .then(function(resp) {
        res.render('category', {
        title: resp.data.data.name,
        category: resp.data.data
        })
    })
}

See our API reference for more information about these objects:

RSS, Atom, and Sitemap

Butter generates RSS, Atom, and sitemap XML markup. To use these on your blog, return the generated XML from the Butter API with the proper content type headers.

app.get('/rss', function(req, res) {
  res.set('Content-Type', 'text/xml');

  butter.feed.retrieve('rss').then(function(resp) {
    res.send(resp.data.data)
  })
});

app.get('/atom', function(req, res) {
  res.set('Content-Type', 'text/xml');

  butter.feed.retrieve('atom').then(function(resp) {
    res.send(resp.data.data)
  })
});

app.get('/sitemap', function(req, res) {
  res.set('Content-Type', 'text/xml');

  butter.feed.retrieve('sitemap').then(function(resp) {
    res.send(resp.data.data)
  })
});

Setup to create feeds and sitemap

If you want to statically generate these xml files you can use our Webhooks which will POST change notifications to your app.

Setup up a listener webhook on your hosting that will trigger a rebuild or redeploy of your static site when it receives a POST request.

Setup a POST Webhook in the ButterCMS dashboard with the Event "Blog Post Create, Update, or Delete" and paste the listener url into Target URL field.

ButterCMS Webhooks

Comments

Butter doesn't provide an API for comments due to the excellent existing options that integrate easily. Two popular services we recommend are:

Both products are free, include moderation capabilities, and give your audience a familiar commenting experience. They can also provide some additional distribution for your content since users in their networks can see when people comment on your posts. For a minimalist alternative to Disqus, check out RemarkBox or for an open-source option, Isso.

Social Sharing

To maximize sharing of your content, we recommend using a free tool called AddThis.

They provide an attractive and easy to integrate social sharing widget that you can add to your website.

Social Share Buttons

CSS

Butter integrates into your front-end so you have complete control over the design of your blog. Use the following CSS as boilerplate for post content styling.


.post-container {
  h1, h2, h3, h4, h5 {
    font-weight: 600;
    margin-bottom: 1em;
    margin-top: 1.5em;
  }

  ul, ol {
    margin-bottom: 1.25em;

    li {
      margin-bottom: 0.25em;
    }
  }

  p {
    font-family: Georgia, Cambria, "Times New Roman", Times, serif;
    font-size: 1.25em;
    line-height: 1.58;
    margin-bottom: 1.25em;
    font-weight: 400;
    letter-spacing: -.003em;
  }

  /* Responsive default image width */
  img {
    max-width: 100%;
    height: auto;
  }

  /* Responsive floating */
  @media only screen and (min-width: 720px)  {
    .butter-float-left {
      float: left;
      margin: 0px 10px 10px 0px;
    }

    .butter-float-right {
      float: right;
      margin: 0px 0px 10px 10px;
    }
  }

  /* Image caption */
  figcaption {
    font-style: italic;
    text-align: center;
    color: #ccc;
  }

  p code {
    padding: 2px 4px;
    font-size: 90%;
    color: #c7254e;
    background-color: #f9f2f4;
    border-radius: 4px;
    font-family: Menlo, Monaco, Consolas, "Courier New", monospace;
  }

  pre {
    display: block;
    padding: 1em;
    margin: 0 0 2em;
    font-size: 1em;
    line-height: 1.4;
    word-break: break-all;
    word-wrap: break-word;
    color: #333333;
    background-color: #f5f5f5;
    font-family: Menlo, Monaco,Consolas, "Courier New", monospace;
  }
}

Migration

To import content from another platform like WordPress or Medium, send us an email.