GSD

How to Build a Knowledge Base with Laravel and ButterCMS

Posted by Levis Masonde on September 24, 2023

More than 69% of consumers prefer to solve issues on their own. This is in conjunction with the growth in mobile application usage and access to the internet. Customers nowadays prefer to search for a solution online before attempting to call or send an email. Building a knowledge base and maintaining it is the best way to offer your customers self-service. A knowledge base is a centralized database hosting information regarding a product or service meant to be shared and spread to customers and employees. 

Less than 30% of companies offer self-service, live chat, social messaging, in-app messaging, bots, or peer-to-peer communities. High performers, according to benchmark data, are 76% more likely to offer self-service. Additionally, half of managers say their team lets agents add to self-service over time, but only a third of support agents say their team has a self-service strategy in place. 

Since the majority of companies do not have a self-service strategy, you will gain a great advantage against your competitors. Setting up a knowledge base can be a great first step toward establishing a self-service strategy for both your customers and internal customer support teams. 

In this tutorial, you will be utilizing ButterCMS to power a knowledge base web application for a courier company. As a courier company, potential new customers always have a bunch of questions since there are many factors involved in its service. This knowledge base will have important information going over general topics one might have to know when committing to a courier service. This will decrease the need for customers to call or email you directly regarding your services. 

Why use Laravel & ButterCMS?

Laravel is a free and open-source PHP framework for web applications. It makes use of controllers, routes and views (also known as MVC architecture) to create dynamic web applications with separate logic for the backend and front-end. The controller initiates the application by making requests to the backend (servers) or acquiring local data and passing the results to a view. The view file will have blade.php as an extension. Blade is Laravel's powerful templating engine that provides features like template inheritance, conditional statements, loops, and more.

ButterCMS is an API-driven content management system. It powers your application’s backend in the cloud. This means you can run a range of applications without having to worry about server hardware, software updates, backups, and uptime. ButterCMS can help you quickly add blog and marketing site capability to any tech stack. And since it’s SaaS, it is only responsible for hosting and maintaining the CMS API (data) and dashboard. 

ButterCMS exposes content via an API and the ButterCMS-php client has built-in functions to help developers when making requests to the API. This compliments Laravel’s controllers when making requests to the API. You can learn about the functions and more in the official ButterCMS Laravel documentation. Laravel’s Blade templating engine enables the developer to present arrays of content using simple functions like the @foreeach function on the views. ButterCMS can seamlessly integrate with Laravel's Blade templates, allowing you to retrieve and render content from ButterCMS within your views. 

Revolutionize your content management with ButterCMS.
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Tutorial: Building a Knowledge Base with Laravel and ButterCMS

What we’ll be building

In this tutorial, you will create a knowledge base using Laravel to build your front-end while the backend will be powered by ButterCMS. The content for the knowledge base will be based on a courier company, while the feel and look of the knowledge base is inspired by Slack’s knowledge base.

By the end of this tutorial, you will have a knowledge base which looks like this:

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The rest of the results will be shown at the end of the tutorial. Additionally, the code for this tutorial can be found in this GitHub repo

Tutorial prerequisites

  • Xampp (v8.2.4)

  • Visual Studio Code (v1.78)

  • Windows 10

  • PHP (v8.1)

  • Composer (v2.5.8)

  • Laravel 9

Building the knowledge base application

Before building the front-end of the application, you will be using ButterCMS to build the structure for the pages of the front-end. ButterCMS makes it easier for a developer to build the front-end since they will essentially have a template for the front-end pages. 

Creating knowledge base pages using ButterCMS

In this tutorial, you will be using ButterCMS’ pages and page types to build the overview structure for your application’s web pages and their different sections.

Page types in ButterCMS define the structure and fields that are associated with a specific type of page. They allow you to define a template or schema for a particular type of page. 

In this section, you will create three page types, namely:

  • Laravel Articles page type

  • Laravel KB Home page type

  • Laravel Category page type

Since the page on the front-end will feature a menu, let's create a collection for menu items first.

Creating the Navigation Menu Item collection

You will have a collection for menu items and a separate one for the complete menu. To start with your first collection, hover over the Content Types icon on the sidebar and click on the + button aligned with Collections.

Select Collections from Content Types menu

This will lead you to a collection’s schema page. Add the following Content Fields to the schema page:

  • Short text: name

  • Short text: item_url

After adding Content Fields, click on the Create Collection button and name the collection “Navigation Menu Items” then click the Save as a Collection button to save.

Name collection Navigation Menu Items

Now, let’s create another collection. Follow the steps above to create a new collection and add the following Content Fields:

  • Media: logo

  • Reference: Items 

    • One-to-One relationship with Navigation Menu Items

  • Reference: CTA

    •  One-to-One relationship with Navigation Menu Items

Once you have added the Content Fields, save the collection as “Laravel Navigation Menu”:

Name collection Laravel Navigation menu

Adding content to the Navigation Menu Items collection

To add content to a collection, hover over the Collections icon on the sidebar and click on + button aligned with Navigation Menu Items:

Select Navigation Menu Item collection from menu

Once redirected, add the name and item_url then click on the Publish button:

Add item to Navigation Menu Items collection

Follow the steps shown above and add another menu item called “Sign Up”. 

After adding menu items, hover over the Collections icon and click on the + button aligned with Laravel Navigation Menu:

Select Laravel Navigation menu from the Collections menu

Add content to the collection and add the CTA items:

Select items to link

This is how the collection item look like:

Items added to he collection item

After adding the content, click on the Publish button to publish the collection. Now you can build the page types starting with the Articles page type.

Building the Articles page type

First, let’s create the Articles page type for the articles to be featured in the knowledge base application.

Here, you will be creating a template for your articles using page types. To do this, hover over the Content Types icon on the sidebar and click on the + button aligned with Page Types:

Select Page Types from the Content Types menu

Once on the Page Types Schema page, you will be setting up your article page type. The schema is as follows:

  • Short text: title

  • Long text: description

  • Media: image

  • WYSIWYG: body

This is how the complete schema looks like on ButterCMS’ portal:

Article page schema

Next, click on the Create Page Type button and save the page type as Laravel_articles_page_type”:

Name page type "laravel_articles_page_type"

Since you have a page type, creating pages from this page type will be simple and fast.

Creating Article pages using the Laravel Articles page type

Now that you have created the Laravel Articles page type, let’s create Article pages using this page type.

Building the Article page

To create your first page using the laravel_articles_page_type, hover over the Pages icon on the sidebar and click on the + button aligned with Laravel_articles_page_types

Select Laravel article page from the Pages menu

Name the first article “Weight Guide”. This article will instruct customers on how to calculate the weight and size of their parcels:

Name article and save page metadata

After saving the page, add content to the content fields like this:

Add content to the article page

Once the content is added, click on the Publish button to publish the article.

Repeat the steps above and create the following article pages, or just create 5 additional article pages:

  • Get the rates right

  • Track your parcel

  • Open a franchise 

  • How to insure your parcels

  • Learn the important policies

After adding all your articles, hover over the Pages icon on the sidebar and click on Laravel_articles_page_types

Select Laravel article page from the Pages menu

You will be redirected to the Pages dashboard with all the article pages using the Laravel_articles_page_types page type:

List of published article pages in the ButterCMS Pages dashboard

Great work! That is it for the Article pages. Let’s move on to creating Category pages.

Building the knowledge base’s Category page

Now you will be using ButterCMS to create a page type for the Category page. This page will reference articles and other categories.

Defining the Category page’s schema

Following the steps used previously, create a new page with the following content fields:

  • Component: SEO

  • Component: Laravel Hero

  • Reference: Article 

    • One-to-Many relationship with Laravel_article_page_type

  • Reference: Categories 

    • One-to-Many relationship with Laravel Category Page Type

This is how the full schema for this page type looks like:

Category page schema

You will be using this page type to create the following category pages:

  • Get Started category page

  • Billing category page

  • How To category page

To create these pages, hover over the Pages icon and click on the + button next to Laravel Category Page Type.

Once redirected, the page will prompt you to add the name of the page. The name for the first page created is “Get Started Category Page”: 

Name category page and save page metadata

After adding the name, you will use the reference content field to add articles related to this category. To do this, scroll down the page and click on the Add Reference button:

Select Add Reference button

From the modal pop-up, select all the articles related to this category and click the Use Selected button:

Select articles related to category

After adding related articles, click on the Add Reference button for Categories: 

Add category references

Select all the categories in the pop-up modal and click on the Use Selected button:

Select categories and click Use Selected

Note that you will only see these options after you have created all the Category pages. Once all the content is added to the first page, the full schema will look like this:

Create the other two pages following the steps above. 

Building the Laravel KB Home page

Now, let's build the knowledge base’s home page. The knowledge base’s home page will consist of three separate sections. First, let's start with the components needed for this page.

Creating the Category Cards components

Here you will create reusable components to power your category cards. To start this, hover over the Content Types icon and click on the + button next to Components:

Select components from content types menu

Once you are redirected to the New Component Page, add the following content fields to your component:

  • Repeater: CategoryCardRepeater

  • Short text: Heading

  • Media: Image

    • Short text: Category_Url

  • Reference: Related_Article

    • One-to-Many relationship with Laravel_articles_page_type

This is how the schema looks like in ButterCMS:

LaravelCategoryCard Schema

Click on the Create Component button, name the component “LaravelCategoryCard” and save it.

Creating the Hero component

Repeat the steps above for creating a component and create another component for the Hero with the following content fields:

  • Short text: Title

  • Long text: Description
  • Media: image

Laravel KB Hero component configuration

Click on the Create Component button and save the component as “Laravel KB Hero”. 

Building the Home page using components

Now you can build the Home page using the components created above. To create the Home page, hover over the Pages icon on the sidebar and click on Pages:

Navigate to the Pages menu

Once redirected, click on the New Page button and select Create new page:

Select Create New Page

Once you are redirected, click on the book icon which refers to the Component Library aligned with Component:

Select Component Library

Find the component you want to use in the Component Library modal, in this case, the Laravel KB Hero component, and select it:

Select Laravel KB Hero component from component library

Repeat the steps above and add the LaravelCategoryCard component to the page as well. This is how the complete schema should look like:

Laravel KB Homepage schema configuration

Save the page as “Laravel KB Home Page”:

Name home page and save metadata

Once the page is saved. You can jump straight into adding content to it. Start by adding content to the Laravel KB Banner component: 

Add content to Laravel KB Banner

Adding Category Cards content on the Home page

You will be using the LaravelCategoryCard component to add the following categories on the Home page: 

  • Get Started category page

  • Billing category page

  • How To category page

These are the main categories which you will use to categorize your articles. 

To add these categories, navigate to the LaravelCategoryCard on the Laravel KB Home Page schema. click on the + CategoryCardRepeater button:

Select button to add repeater item to LaravelCategoryCard

The article will open a new repeater item and enable you to provide content for the following:

  • Short text: Heading

  • Short text: Sub_Headline

  • Media: Image

  • Reference: Related_Article

  • Short text: Category_Url

Click on the Add reference button to add the articles related to the category:

Select article references

After selecting, click on the Use Selected button to return to the main page. 

Once all the content has been added for the first category card, this is how it should look like on your ButterCMS portal: 

Add content to repeater item

Repeat the steps above to add other featured categories. This is the schema for the CategoryCardRepeater component:

three items added to repeater

Great work! Now, scroll to the top of the page and click Publish to publish your page. 

You are now done with the first part of the tutorial. Let’s move to the second part of the tutorial where you will be building the application’s front-end using Laravel.

Building the knowledge base front-end

In this section of the tutorial, you will be using Laravel to build the front-end. This tutorial uses Visual Studio Code as the code editor. To work with Laravel, we will use PHP and Composer. 

Setting up the Laravel application

You need to set up your Laravel application before you start coding the application.

Create a new Laravel project using the following command on your command line:

composer create-project laravel/laravel LaravelKB 

To add ButterCMS to your project, go to your project directory, open the composer.json file, and under the "require" field, add "buttercms/buttercms-php": "~2.4.0" to the field. Once done, navigate to your application using the following command:

Cd LaravelKB

Then run the following commands on your terminal: 

Composer update 
Composer install 

Building the Home page

The first page to be created is the home page for the application. 

Creating the controller

After the Laravel application is set up, navigate to LaravelKB\app\Http\Controllers and create a new controller. Name the file KbController.php and add the following code to the file:

<?php




namespace App\Http\Controllers;
use ButterCMS\Model\PostsResponse;
use ButterCMS\ButterCMS;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Config;
use Illuminate\View\View;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Log;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Http;


class KbController extends Controller
{
    private static $apiToken = 'c3c37caed6eaa3141e464fc82cab8f83cae7925f';
    private $client;
    public function __construct() {
        $this -> client = new ButterCMS(KbController::$apiToken);
      }




    public function showPage(string $type, string $pageSlug): View
    {
        $page = $this->client->fetchPage($type, $pageSlug);




        return view('HomePage', [
            'pageSeo' => $page->getFields()['seo'],
            'pageCategoryCard' => $page->getFields()['laravelcategorycard'],
            'pageHero' => $page->getFields()['laravel_kb_hero']
           
           
        ]);
    }


    public function showKbPage(): View
    {
       
        return $this->showPage('laravel_kb_home_page_type',          'laravel-kb-home-page');
    }
}
Creating the view

After adding your code, navigate to LaravelKB\resources\views and create a PHP file called HomePage.blade.php and add the following code:

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="{{ asset('css/styles.css') }}">
    <script src="https://kit.fontawesome.com/48764efa36.js" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
        <link rel="preconnect" href="https://fonts.gstatic.com">
        <link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Source+Sans+Pro:wght@300;400;600&display=swap" rel="stylesheet">
    <!-- Required meta tags -->
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
    <link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.1.3/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-1BmE4kWBq78iYhFldvKuhfTAU6auU8tT94WrHftjDbrCEXSU1oBoqyl2QvZ6jIW3" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <title>{{ $pageSeo['title'] }}</title>
    <meta name="description" content="{{ $pageSeo['description'] }}">
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.6.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
   


  </head>


  <body>
     
        <div id="bannerKB">
                    <div class="HomeTop">
                        <div>
                        <a href="/"> <img src="{{ asset('img/logo.png') }}" alt="Logo" height="100px"> </a>
                        </div>
                       
                        <div class="HomeRight">
                            <button id="loginButton"><h3>LOGIN</h3></button>
                            <button id="signupButton"><h3>SIGN UP</h3></button>
                        </div>
                               
                    </div>


                    <div id="heading" style="color:white;">
                    <h1 class="Headline">{{ $pageHero['title'] }}</h1>
                    <h5 class="Sub_Headline">{{ $pageHero['description'] }}</h5>
                    </div>
                   
                    <div id="cover">
                        <form action="{{url('/article/search/')}}">
                            <div class="tb">
                            <div class="td"><input type="text" style="border:none" placeholder="Search Here...." value="{{$searchTerm ?? null}}" name="q" required></div>
                            <div class="td" id="s-cover">
                                <button type="submit">
                                <div id="s-circle"></div>
                                <span></span>
                                </button>
                            </div>
                            </div>
                        </form>
                    </div>
        </div>
       
       
        <div id="slideKB" style="margin: 40px;">
            <div class="featuresKB">
        @foreach ($pageCategoryCard['categorycardrepeater'] as $card)
                <a href="{{ route('showCategory', ['param' => $card['category_url']]) }}" class="aStyle">
                    <div class="featuresInnerKB">
                        <div id="fTop">
                            <img src="{{ $card['image'] }}" alt="Component Icon" style="width:260px;height:160px">
                        </div>
                        <div class="fBottom">
                            <h4>{{ $card['heading'] }}</h4>
                            <h6>{{$card['sub_headline']}}</h6>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </a>
        @endforeach
            </div>


        </div>
 
    <!-- Option 1: Bootstrap Bundle with Popper -->
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.1.3/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js" integrity="sha384-ka7Sk0Gln4gmtz2MlQnikT1wXgYsOg+OMhuP+IlRH9sENBO0LRn5q+8nbTov4+1p" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>


    <footer>
        <div class="footer-container">
            <div class="logo">
                <img src="{{ asset('img/logo.png') }}" alt="Logo">
            </div>
       
            <div class="footer-social">
                <a href="#" class="link-no-decoration"><i class="fab fa-facebook"></i></a>
                <a href="#" class="link-no-decoration"><i class="fab fa-twitter"></i></a>
                <a href="#" class="link-no-decoration"><i class="fab fa-instagram"></i></a>
            </div>
        </div>
 
    </footer>
  </body>
</html>
Creating the route

Then, navigate to ButterApp\routes and open the web.php file and add the following code: 

<?php


use App\Http\Controllers\BlogController;
use App\Http\Controllers\PageController;
use App\Http\Controllers\KbController;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;


Route::get('/', [KbController::class, 'showKbPage'])->where('slug', '.*');

Building the Category page

The knowledge base page will feature all the articles you created. 

Creating the controller

Navigate to LaravelKB\app\Http\Controllers. Open the KbController.php file and add the following code function to the file: 

public function showCategory($param)
    {


        $page = $this->client->fetchPage('laravel_category_page_type', $param);
        // Use the value passed from the Blade.php file
        // $param variable will contain the value
        // Your code here
       
        return view('categoryPage', [
            'pageSeo' => $page->getFields()['seo'],
            'pageTitle'   => $page->getFields()['laravel_kb_hero']['title'],
            'pageDescription' => $page->getFields()['laravel_kb_hero']['description'],
            'pageImage' => $page->getFields()['laravel_kb_hero']['image'],
            'pageCategories'    => $page->getFields()['categories'],
           
            'pageArticles' =>$page->getFields()['articles']
        ]);
       
    }
Creating the view

After adding your code, navigate to LaravelKB\resources\views and create a PHP file called CategoryPage.blade.php and add the following code:

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="{{ asset('css/styles.css') }}">
    <script src="https://kit.fontawesome.com/48764efa36.js" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
        <link rel="preconnect" href="https://fonts.gstatic.com">
        <link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Source+Sans+Pro:wght@300;400;600&display=swap" rel="stylesheet">
    <!-- Required meta tags -->
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
    <link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.1.3/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-1BmE4kWBq78iYhFldvKuhfTAU6auU8tT94WrHftjDbrCEXSU1oBoqyl2QvZ6jIW3" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <title>{{ $pageSeo['title'] }}</title>
    <meta name="description" content="{{ $pageSeo['description'] }}">
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.6.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
   


  </head>
  <body>
        <div id="CategoryBody">
       
                    <div id="SideBar">
                        <div class="logo" style="display:flex;flex-direction:row;align-items:center;margin-bottom:20px">
                                <a href="/"> <img src="{{ asset('img/logo.png') }}" alt="Logo"> </a>
                               
                            <button id="loginButton"><h5>LOGIN</h5></button>
                       
                        </div>
                        <nav>
                            <ul>
                            @foreach ($pageCategories as $categories)
                                <li>
                                    <a href="{{ route('showCategory', ['param' => $categories['slug']]) }}"></i> {{$categories['fields']['seo']['title']}}</a>
                                </li>
                            @endforeach  
                            </ul>
                        </nav>
                    </div>
                   
                    <div id="ArticleSide">
                        <div id="CategoryHero">
                            <h2>
                                {{($pageTitle)}}
                            </h2>
                            <h6> {{$pageDescription}} </h6>
                        </div>
                        <div id="slideKB">
                            <div class="featuresKB">
                           
                        @foreach ($pageArticles as $card)
                                <a href="{{ route('showArticles', ['param' => $card['slug']]) }}" class="aStyle">
                                    <div class="featuresInnerKB">
                                        <div id="fTop">
                                            <img src="{{ $card['fields']['image'] }}" alt="Component Icon" style="width:260px;height:160px">
                                        </div>
                                        <div class="fBottom">
                                            <h4>{{ $card['fields']['title'] }}</h4>
                                        </div>
                                    </div>
                                </a>
                        @endforeach
                            </div>


                        </div>
                    </div>
        </div>
       
    <!-- Option 1: Bootstrap Bundle with Popper -->
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.1.3/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js" integrity="sha384-ka7Sk0Gln4gmtz2MlQnikT1wXgYsOg+OMhuP+IlRH9sENBO0LRn5q+8nbTov4+1p" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>




  </body>
</html>
Creating the route

Then, navigate to ButterApp\routes and open the web.php file and add the following code:

Route::get('/KbCategories/{param}', [KbController::class, 'showCategory'])->name('showCategory');

Building the Search page

The search functionality will be powered by ButterCMS. The advanced search capability for Pages allows you to filter through your content to quickly locate specific pages.

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Creating the controller

Navigate to LaravelKB\app\Http\Controllers and open the KbController.php file and add the following code to the file: 

public function showArticlesBySearchQuery(Request $request): View
    {
        //fetch all pages
        $Mainpage = $this->client->fetchPage('laravel_kb_page_type', 'laravel-kb-page');
        // Get the search query from the request
        $searchTerm = $request->query->get('q');
        $pageType = 'laravel_articles_page_type'; // Set your desired page type here
       
        $url = url('https://api.buttercms.com/v2/pages/search?query=' . urlencode($searchTerm) . '&auth_token=' . urlencode('c3c37caed6eaa3141e464fc82cab8f83cae7925f'));
        // Append the page_type parameter if provided
            if (!empty($pageType)) {
                $url .= '&page_type=' . urlencode($pageType);
            }
       
        $response = Http::get($url);
        $page = $response->json();
       
        $data = $page['data'];
        $slugs = [];


            foreach ($data as $item) {
                $slugs[] = $item['slug'];
            }
       
            return view('searchPage', [
                'pageSeo' => $Mainpage->getFields()['seo'],
                'pageArticleCards' => $Mainpage->getFields()['laravel_article_card'],
                'slug' => $slugs
           
               
               
            ]);
   
    }
Creating the view

After adding your code, navigate to LaravelKB\resources\views and create a PHP file SearchPage.blade.php and add the following code:

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="{{ asset('css/styles.css') }}">
    <script src="https://kit.fontawesome.com/48764efa36.js" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
        <link rel="preconnect" href="https://fonts.gstatic.com">
        <link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Source+Sans+Pro:wght@300;400;600&display=swap" rel="stylesheet">
    <!-- Required meta tags -->
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
    <link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.1.3/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-1BmE4kWBq78iYhFldvKuhfTAU6auU8tT94WrHftjDbrCEXSU1oBoqyl2QvZ6jIW3" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <title>{{ $pageSeo['title'] }}</title>
    <meta name="description" content="{{ $pageSeo['description'] }}">
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.6.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
   


  </head>


  <body style="background-color: white;">


 
  <div id="bannerKB">
                    <div class="HomeTop">
                        <div>
                        <a href="/"> <img src="{{ asset('img/logo.png') }}" alt="Logo" height="100px"> </a>
                        </div>
                        <div class="HomeRight">
                            <button id="loginButton"><h3>LOGIN</h3></button>
                            <button id="signupButton"><h3>SIGN UP</h3></button>
                        </div>
                               
                    </div>


                    <div id="heading" style="color:white;text-align: center;">
                    <h1 class="Headline"  style="color:white;text-align: center;">Search Our Knowledge Base</h1>
                    <h5 class="Sub_Headline">Learn more about our services by reading articles that dive deep into important topic</h5>
                    </div>
                   
                    <div id="cover">
                        <form action="{{url('/article/search/')}}">
                            <div class="tb">
                            <div class="td"><input type="text" style="border:none" placeholder="Search Here...." value="{{$searchTerm ?? null}}" name="q" required></div>
                            <div class="td" id="s-cover">
                                <button type="submit">
                                <div id="s-circle"></div>
                                <span></span>
                                </button>
                            </div>
                            </div>
                        </form>
                    </div>
        </div>
       
        <div id="slideKB">


        <h1 class="featureHeading">Search Results</h1>
        <div class="featuresKB">
            @foreach ($pageArticleCards['article_repeater'] as $card)
                <?php
                    $array1 = $card['article_card_reference']['slug'];
                    $array2 = $slug;


                    $commonItems = array_intersect((array)$array1, (array)$array2);
                ?>


                @if (!empty($commonItems))
                <a href="{{ route('showArticles', ['param' => $card['article_card_reference']['slug']]) }}" class="aStyle">
                    <div class="featuresInnerKB">
                        <div id="fTop">
                            <img src="{{ $card['article_card_reference']['fields']['image'] }}" alt="Component Icon" style="width:260px;height:160px">
                        </div>
                        <div class="fBottom">
                            <h4>{{ $card['article_card_reference']['fields']['title'] }}</h4>
                            <p>{{ $card['article_card_reference']['fields']['description'] }}</p>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </a>
                @endif
            @endforeach
        </div>
        </div>
 
    <!-- Option 1: Bootstrap Bundle with Popper -->
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.1.3/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js" integrity="sha384-ka7Sk0Gln4gmtz2MlQnikT1wXgYsOg+OMhuP+IlRH9sENBO0LRn5q+8nbTov4+1p" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
   
    <footer>
        <div class="footer-container"  style="margin-bottom:20px">
            <div class="logo">
                <img src="{{ asset('img/logo.png') }}" alt="Logo">
            </div>
            <div class="footer-social">
                <a href="#" class="link-no-decoration"><i class="fab fa-facebook"></i></a>
                <a href="#" class="link-no-decoration"><i class="fab fa-twitter"></i></a>
                <a href="#" class="link-no-decoration"><i class="fab fa-instagram"></i></a>
            </div>
        </div>
 
    </footer>
  </body>
</html>
Creating the route

Navigate to LaravelKB\app\Http\Controllers and open the KbController.php file and add the following code to the file: 

Route::get('/article/search', [KbController::class, 'showArticlesBySearchQuery']);

Building the Article page

Now, let’s create the Article page for the front-end in the following sequence. 

Creating the controller

Navigate to LaravelKB\app\Http\Controllers and open the KbController.php file and add the following code to the file: 

public function showArticles($param)
    {
        $page = $this->client->fetchPage('laravel_articles_page_type', $param);
        // Use the value passed from the Blade.php file
        // $param variable will contain the value
       
        // Your code here
       
        return view('articlePage', [
            'pageSeo' => $page->getFields()['seo'],
            'title'   => $page->getFields()['title'],
            'description' => $page->getFields()['description'],
            'image' => $page->getFields()['image'],
            'body'  => $page->getFields()['body']
        ]);
    }
Creating the view

After adding your code, navigate to LaravelKB\resources\views and create a PHP file articlePage.blade.php and add the following code:

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="{{ asset('css/styles.css') }}">
    <script src="https://kit.fontawesome.com/48764efa36.js" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
        <link rel="preconnect" href="https://fonts.gstatic.com">
        <link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Source+Sans+Pro:wght@300;400;600&display=swap" rel="stylesheet">
    <!-- Required meta tags -->
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
    <link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.1.3/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-1BmE4kWBq78iYhFldvKuhfTAU6auU8tT94WrHftjDbrCEXSU1oBoqyl2QvZ6jIW3" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <title>{{ $pageSeo['title'] }}</title>
    <meta name="description" content="{{ $pageSeo['description'] }}">
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.6.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
   


  </head>


  <body style="background-color: white;">
        <div id="TopMenu">
            <div class="logo">
                <a href="/"> <img src="{{ asset('img/logo.png') }}" alt="Logo"> </a>
            </div>
            <div class="menuContainer">
                <ul class="menu">
                    <li class="has-submenu">
                        <a href="#">Services</a>
                        <ul class="submenu">
                            <li><a href="#">Collection</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">National Sachel</a></li>
                           
                        </ul>
                    </li>
                    <li class="has-submenu">
                        <a href="#">Tools</a>
                        <ul class="submenu">
                            <li><a href="#">API</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">eCommerce</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">eWallet</a></li>
                        </ul>
                    </li>
                    <li class="has-submenu">
                        <a href="#">Learn</a>
                        <ul class="submenu">
                            <li><a href="/KbPage">Knowledge Base</a></li>
                            <li><a href="#">FAQ</a></li>
                       
                        </ul>
                    </li>
                    <li><a href="#">Contact Us</a></li>
               
                </ul>
            </div>
        </div>


        <div id="bannerKB" style="background-repeat: no-repeat; background-size: cover;background-position: center;color:white">
           
               
                    <h1 class="Headline">{{$title}}</h1>
                    <h5 class="Sub_Headline">{{$description}}</h5>
               
           
        </div>
        <div id="articleImgDiv">
                <img src="{{$image}}" alt="Article Image" style="width:700px">
        </div>


        <div id="articleBody">
                {!! $body !!}
        </div>       
 
    <!-- Option 1: Bootstrap Bundle with Popper -->
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.1.3/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js" integrity="sha384-ka7Sk0Gln4gmtz2MlQnikT1wXgYsOg+OMhuP+IlRH9sENBO0LRn5q+8nbTov4+1p" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
   
  </body>
</html>
Creating the route

Navigate to LaravelKB\app\Http\Controllers and open the KbController.php file and add the following code to the file:

Route::get('/KbArticle/{param}', [KbController::class, 'showArticles'])->name('showArticles');

Building the styling

To add styling to your application, navigate to the public folder and create a folder named “css”. Under the folder, create the CSS file styles.css. Here is the minified version of the file named styles.min.css

#banner{width:100%;height:570px;display:flex;flex-direction:row}#bannerKB{height:400px;display:flex;flex-direction:column;background-color:#649ce4;color:#add8e6;margin-bottom:0;font-family:"Times New Roman",Times,serif;justify-content:center;align-items:center;font-weight:bolder}#bannerImg{width:45%;padding:10px}#S_top{justify-content:center;text-align:center}a{text-decoration:none}#welcomeText{font-size:20px;font-family:"Times New Roman",Times,serif}#welcomeText1{font-size:40px;font-family:"Times New Roman",Times,serif}#S_bot{width:100%;display:flex;flex-direction:column;align-items:center;margin-top:50px}.custom-bg-6{background-color:#0b7f8e;margin:5px;width:30%;border:#add8e6 2px solid;padding:15px;text-decoration:none;color:#cad0e9;text-align:center}.aStyle{text-decoration:none}#slide{width:100%;color:#0b7f8e;margin:0}#slideKB{color:#0b7f8e;margin-top:0}.featureHeading{text-align:center;margin-top:25px;padding:10px;font-weight:bolder;color:#0b7f8e;margin-bottom:0;font-family:"Times New Roman",Times,serif}
.features{display:flex;flex-direction:row;align-content:space-between;align-items:normal;width:100%;justify-content:center;margin-top:0;font-family:"Times New Roman",Times,serif}.featuresKB{display:flex;flex-direction:row;margin:15px;margin-top:0;font-family:"Times New Roman",Times,serif;justify-content:center;height:auto;flex-wrap:wrap}.featuresInner{display:flex;flex-direction:column;margin-top:10px;margin-bottom:10px;margin-right:20px;margin-left:20px;color:#0b7f8e;justify-content:center;font-family:'Montserrat',sans-serif;border-right:#649ce4 solid 2px}.featuresInnerKB{display:flex;flex-direction:column;margin-right:20px;color:#649ce4;font-weight:bolder;justify-content:center;font-family:'Montserrat',sans-serif;height:max-content;margin-right:20px;border-radius:20px;box-shadow:5px 5px 5px #649ce400,10px 10px 0 20px #ffffffeb}.fBottom{text-align:center;font-family:"Times New Roman",Times,serif;padding:5px;width:100%}#fTop{text-align:center}#form{margin:15px;display:flex;flex-direction:row}
#formInput{border-radius:15px;background-color:#add8e6;border-color:#add8e6;height:70px;width:600px;margin-right:0}#formBtn{width:50px;height:50px;margin:0;padding:0;border:none}#articleImgDiv{margin:10px;justify-content:center;text-align:center}#articleBody{margin:20px;justify-content:center;align-items:center;align-content:center;color:#0d0d0d;padding:60px}#TopMenu{display:flex;flex-direction:row;width:100%;margin-bottom:0}.logo{display:inline-block;vertical-align:middle}.logo img{width:100px;height:auto}.menuContainer{justify-items:center;align-items:center;width:84%}.menu{list-style:none;padding:0;margin:0;font-family:"Times New Roman",Times,serif;color:#0b7f8e;text-align:center;height:60px;justify-items:center;align-items:center;font-weight:bolder;font-size:20px;margin-bottom:5px}.menu li{display:inline-block;position:relative;vertical-align:middle;align-items:center;margin-top:5px}.menu li a{display:block;padding:10px;text-decoration:none;color:inherit}.menu li:hover>.submenu{display:block}
.submenu{display:none;position:absolute;top:100%;left:0;background-color:#f9f9f9;padding:0;margin:0;list-style:none;width:fit-content}.submenu li{display:block;width:120px}.submenu li a{display:block;padding:10px;text-decoration:none;color:inherit}.submenu li a:hover{background-color:#e3e3e3}.footer-container{background-color:#649ce4;color:#0b7f8e;text-decoration:none;display:flex;flex-direction:column;align-items:center}.link-no-decoration{text-decoration:none;color:inherit}.link-no-decoration:hover{text-decoration:none;color:inherit}.footer-social{margin:10px;margin-bottom:10px;height:40px;display:flex;flex-direction:row;align-content:space-evenly}.footer-social a{margin:5px;font-size:larger}.tb{display:table;width:100%}#heading{height:200px;position:absolute}.HomeTop{display:flex;flex-direction:row;height:100px;width:100%}.HomeRight{display:flex;flex-direction:row;float:right;margin-left:900px}#loginButton{border-radius:20px;box-shadow:0 10px 40px #649ce4,0 0 0 20px #ffffffeb;transform:scale(.6);width:140px}
#signupButton{border-radius:20px;box-shadow:0 10px 40px #649ce4,0 0 0 20px #ffffffeb;transform:scale(.6);width:140px}#cover{left:0;right:0;width:1300px;padding:35px;margin-top:100px;border-radius:20px;box-shadow:0 10px 40px #649ce4,0 0 0 20px #ffffffeb;transform:scale(.6)}.td{display:table-cell;vertical-align:middle}input,button{color:#fff;font-family:Nunito;padding:0;margin:0;border:none;background-color:transparent;outline:none}form{height:96px}input[type=text]{width:100%;height:96px;border:none;font-size:60px;line-height:1;outline:none}input[type=text]::placeholder{color:#fff}.Sub_Headline{text-align:center}#s-cover{width:1px;padding-left:35px}button{position:relative;display:block;width:84px;height:96px;cursor:pointer;border:none}#s-circle{position:relative;top:-8px;left:15px;width:43px;height:43px;margin-top:0;border-width:15px;border:15px solid #fff;background-color:transparent;border-radius:50%;transition:.5s ease all}button span{position:absolute;top:68px;left:43px;display:block;width:45px;height:15px;background-color:transparent;border-radius:10px;transform:rotateZ(52deg);transition:.5s ease all}
button span:before,button span:after{content:"";position:absolute;bottom:0;right:0;width:45px;height:15px;background-color:#fff;border-radius:10px;transform:rotateZ(0);transition:.5s ease all}#s-cover:hover #s-circle{top:-1px;width:67px;height:15px;border-width:0;background-color:#fff;border-radius:20px}#s-cover:hover span{top:50%;left:56px;width:25px;margin-top:-9px;transform:rotateZ(0)}#s-cover:hover button span:before{bottom:11px;transform:rotateZ(52deg)}#s-cover:hover button span:after{bottom:-11px;transform:rotateZ(-52deg)}#s-cover:hover button span:before,#s-cover:hover button span:after{right:-6px;width:40px;background-color:#fff}#CategoryHero{background-color:#fff;color:#649ce4;justify-content:center;text-align:center;height:120px;margin:20px;display:flex;align-items:center;flex-direction:column;font-weight:bolder;margin-top:-190px}#CategoryBody{display:flex;flex-direction:row}#SideBar{background-color:#649ce4;color:#0b7f8e;height:700px}#ArticleSide{width:90%;justify-content:center;display:flex;align-items:center;flex-direction:column;align-content:space-between}
nav ul{margin:0;padding:0;width:260px;top:0;left:0;background-color:#649ce4}nav ul li{list-style:none}nav ul li a{display:block;font-family:'Montserrat',sans-serif;text-decoration:none;text-transform:uppercase;font-size:20px;color:#fff;position:relative;padding:25px 0 25px 38px}nav ul li a:hover{color:#649ce4;background:#fff;border-radius:40px 0 0 40px;height:100%}nav ul li a:active{color:#649ce4;background:#fff;border-radius:40px 0 0 40px;height:100%}nav ul li a:hover:before{width:95%}

Congratulations! Just like that, you are done creating your application and it is ready for deployment.

Running your application locally

To run your Laravel application on your localhost, navigate to your terminal. Ensure that the terminal is in your application’s directory by running the following commands:

cd app_name
php artisan serve

By default, PHP will host the application on 127.0.0.1:1800 port. Hold control and click on the link to get redirected to the web application on your default browser. 

Our final application

Once you are done with this tutorial. The knowledge base is set up to lead the user to read articles in two ways: through the category section and the search function. 

This is how the category section approach looks like on the front-end:

undefined

This is how the search function approach looks like on the front-end:

Create laravel knowledge base application search function

Final thoughts

ButterCMS enables marketers to determine the content passed to the application’s front end and makes it easy for the marketer to structure pages without coding. As a developer, building a complex application without having to set up and maintain a database is a great relief. Since ButterCMS uses an API to expose data, there is no need to know or learn a backend programming language to create complex applications. Overall, using ButterCMS to power your knowledge base application saves a lot of time, separates the backend logic from the front-end logic, and empowers them to supply content to complex applications without having to code. To learn more about how you can use ButterCMS with Laravel, check out the following tutorials:

Make sure you receive the freshest tutorials and Butter product updates.
    
Levis Masonde

Levis Masonde is a software developer with a passion for coding in React Native and Python as well as keeping up with new innovations with plans to raise awareness of programming.

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